University & Research
Moshe A. Milevsky is a Professor of Finance at York University’s Schulich School of Business and a member of the Graduate Faculty in Mathematics and Statistics.
Here is the (core) material and content I use when teaching my advanced course on Retirement Income Models (FINE4060) at York University. You are free to download (the 2019 version) and use them as well as the associated lecture slides, all included in the zipped file.
FINE4060, lecture #1
Download a zipped file which includes the PDF slides used in lecture #1, where I introduced the types of problems we will solve in the course, instructions on how to download and install R-studio together with some basic R-scripts.
FINE4060, lecture #2
Download a zipped file which includes a (hypothetical) personal finance dataset in csv format, a number of R-scripts and the PDF slides used for lecture #2, in which we code-up a basic model of spending and saving over the lifecycle and compare with the data.
FINE4060, lecture #3
Download a zipped file which includes a number of R-scripts and the PDF slides used for lecture #3, in which we discuss how to model and measure the longevity of a portfolio subject to withdrawals, basic Monte Carlo (MC) simulations and the sequence of returns (SoR) effect.
FINE4060, lecture #4
Download a zipped file which includes a number of plot R-scripts, data files and the PDF slides used for lecture #4, in which we introduce and discuss basic cohort mortality tables, the implied mortality rates and the concept of a random remaining lifetime, all in discrete time. And, some financial economics at the very end.
FINE4060, lecture #5
Download a zipped file which includes a number of R-scripts, data files and the PDF slides used for lecture #5, in which we discuss period vs. cohort mortality tables, the Gompertz-Makeham law of mortality, estimating parameters via regression, projection factors and reduction scales, the Compensation Law of Mortality (CLaM), simulating random lifetimes and a brief discussion of biological versus chronological age.
FINE4060, lecture #6
Download a zipped file which includes a number of R-scripts, data files and the PDF slides used for lecture #6, in which discuss the lump-sum versus pension annuity dilemma, the valuation of life annuities under the Gompertz law of mortality, the general valuation of longevity-contingent claims via the Binomial distribution, the Law of Large Numbers and finally, we locate some mortality credits.
FINE4060, lecture #7
Download a zipped folder which includes the PDF slides used for lecture #7, in which I discuss modeling Defined Benefit (DB) versus Defined Contribution (DC) pensions, coding-up Monte Carlo simulation of DC account values at retirement in R, discussion of typical DB benefit formulas and whether or not to delay your pension (e.g. CPP or OAS) in exchange for higher benefits in the future, all under idealized conditions.
FINE4060, lecture #8
Download a zipped folder which includes PDF slides and R-scripts used for lecture #8, in which I discuss and solve the (Fisher-Yaari) retirement lifecycle model (LCM) with Gompertz mortality, the optimal consumption spending rate, and the wealth depletion time (WDT) in the presence of pension income.
FINE4060 Homework Assignment and Projects (FINAL)
Download a zipped folder which contains all the homework assignment questions with the final project used in the Winter 2019 semester plus an advanced reading list. The folder also contains a complete collection of all the R-scripts with a few extra ones I have used in some recent technical papers, all in one centralized location. (Note there are only 8 weeks of formal lecture notes. The other sessions were used to solve problems and for guest lectures.)
The year 2025 is the bicentennial of the publication of: On the nature of the function expressive of the law of human mortality by Benjamin Gompertz in 1825. Here you can find material (which I will add) on the history of his natural law and how to calibrate the model.
Is Covid-19 a Parallel Shock to the Term Structure of Mortality?
This presentation focuses on how to think about and model Covid-19 in continuous-time, from the perspective of life-cycle financial economics and retirement income planning. To begin with, it hypothesizes that total mortality rates during the coronavirus period have been strictly proportional to normal mortality rates, which effectively increase biological ages across the curve, otherwise known as a parallel shift of the (Gompertzian) term structure. The presentation then goes on to provide some preliminary empirical evidence from the UK and Europe corroborating the parallel shift hypothesis, and discusses the implications of a (arguably, convenient) parallel shift on the utility-based valuation of life annuities. The main practical message here is that longevity insurance becomes more – as opposed to less – valuable, even if life expectancies decline. The presentation concludes by proposing the so-called compensation law of mortality (CLM) as a possible alternative to a parallel shift, and briefly discusses how to merge a CLM into a stochastic lifecycle model of investment and consumption. These slides are from the One World Actuarial Research Seminar (OWARS) Lecture, delivered on 20 May 2020, in the very early stages of Covid-19 and was intended to provide an overview of research. (Note that this version contains low-resolution images to reduce the size of the PDF, but a high-resolution version is available from Amazon.)
From Discrete qx to Gompertz (m,b)
Most insurance actuaries work with discrete (qx) mortality tables while academic researchers in actuarial finance (such as myself) prefer to operate with continuous mortality rates such as the Gompertz Law for example. In this stand-alone technical note I explain how to properly go from tables to curves and how to minimize the distance between the two (coming soon.)
Below is a sample description of courses recently taught by Moshe A. Milevsky at York University, including a high-level course syllabus.
If you are interested in auditing, enrolling or taking courses at the Schulich School, please visit Schulich Yorku directly. For more information about the Department of Mathematics & Statistics or courses offered, please visit mathstats.info.yorku.ca.
Retirement Income Models
This course focuses on the management of uncertainty consumers face towards the end of the lifecycle in the areas of longevity, mortality, inflation, investment returns, pensions and income taxes. The instructional pedagogy is interactive and computational. Students create R-scripts that optimize and solve real-world retirement income problems.
Personal Financial Planning
FINE4050 & FINE6050
Students learn the basics of personal financial management both for professional work in the financial services industry and for their own households. Topics include lifecycle goal-setting, financial budgeting, income taxation, debt management, risk management, insurance, investment principles and practice and retirement planning. Much of the course is based upon realistic problems and cases.
Analysis of Structured Products
An advanced hands-on research practicum in which real world structured insurance and financial products are brought into the classroom, dissected and analyzed using the tools of financial and computational economics. This is a capstone course in the Masters of Finance (MF) program, and therefore examines these structures from a variety of perspectives.
Futures, Options and Derivatives
FINE6800 & FINE4800
Advanced elective course on the subject of modern options and derivative securities. The learning objectives are to acquire an essential ability to use and price various types of financial options and derivative products most commonly employed in corporate finance. The course is geared towards students who are interested in a career in financial trading, pricing, risk management and regulation of derivatives.
By downloading these files the user understands and agrees that Moshe Milevsky makes no representations or warranties whatsoever regarding the products, developments, documentation, or any other materials or services provided hereunder, and specifically disclaims any and all other warranties, whether expressed or implied.
York University is known for championing new ways of thinking that drive teaching and research excellence and Schulich is ranked among the leading business schools in the world.
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